R1+:Improves local economy R2+: Produces important social changes
R1-: Spoil the environment R2-: Life is rushed R3-: Emigration of local people R4: Replacement of local guides by new technologies.
When we consider the mass tourism in the Everest the first thing that comes to mind is that this is good for the local economy and produces important social changes in the area. But is mass tourism really the best option when it comes to local people´s life? This essay will look into the advantages and disadvantages of this kind of tourism . Many argue that mass tourism is the wisest choice as it allows to improve the economy which implies the improvement of the education, health care, clothing…And there is no denying that mass tourism is also a reasonable course of action for those local people who wish to earn an income as a guide tourist. But, there are factors like the environment will be spoilt or life will be rushed that should also be taken into account in order to make the best choice. According to the latest research, 75% of Sherpa population value the “destruction” of the environmental charming over the social changes. Also, if you consider the fact that a better economy plays a crucial role in the Sherpas´ lifestyle, then mass tourism does not seem to be such as great idea after all. Moreover, this kind of tourism has two additional major disadvantages namely emigration of local people looking for better job opportunities in developed countries and the replacement of local guides by new technologies, like GPS, used by the tourists. If the emigration of local people ranks high on the priority list, then mass tourism should definitely be out of the question. And last, but certainly not least, we must consider whether the replacement of local guides by new technologies is an issue for them. If so, then a regulated tourism is likely to be a much better option for them. To sum up, although on the face of it mass tourism sounds like a good idea when it comes to an improvement of the Sherpas´ life, a more in-depth analysis suggests otherwise. In fact, most evidence points to the fact that if the Everest´s environment will be spoilt, life will be rushed, emigration of local people and replacement of local guides by technology is what the Everest and local people´s life are after, then an eco-tourism or regulated tourism will probably work best for them.